This is a genus of about 60 species and many cultivars. The junipers are all evergreen conifers, but there is great variation amongst them, providing trees and shrubs for all types and sizes of garden. Many are tall and columnar in shape, but some are prostrate and cover the ground horizontally. The colour of the foliage also varies from green to grey-green and on to blue. There are others that are golden or variegated.
The variety of shape and colour means junipers are useful in all kinds of positions. Some columnar forms are very slender and make excellent specimen plants; some are small enough to be grown in rock gardens or even in troughs and sinks, while others are tall and create great vertical emphasis. The prostrate types are good for creating ground cover, again either for rock gardens or larger areas depending on cultivar. They are very adaptable and will grow in most soils and are particularly useful in dry conditions. They will grow in light shade but prefer full sun. Increase from cuttings taken in autumn. No pruning is necessary.