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A large genus of 120 coniferous trees, one of the most commonly known being the Scots pine, P. sylvestris. Although the majority are large trees that are only suitable for large gardens, parks and estates, there are a number of smaller cultivars that are suitable for smaller gardens and rockeries. The pines are characterised by their long needles that are carried in bundles often arranged whorls around the stems. In some species the needles are very long and hang down like tassels giving the trees a very individual appearance. In the main the leaves are a blue-green but there are a few golden forms such as P. sylvestris ‘Gold Coin’. The larger species reach 30m (100ft) or more and make very stately trees. They look particularly good in large landscapes, especially when they can be seen in silhouette. The smaller ones are much more compact and since they are slow growing (some only growing as little as 2.5 cm (1in) per year) can be used where their bigger relations are best avoided. Pines are tough and make good windbreaks. The species can be propagated from seed, but the cultivars need to be grafted.

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